Architectural Theory and Criticism Conference is one of the leading research topics in the international research conference domain. Architectural Theory and Criticism is a conference track under the Architecture and Urban Planning Conference which aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Architecture and Urban Planning.
internationalconference.net provides a premier interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of (Architecture and Urban Planning).
Architectural Theory and Criticism is not just a call for academic papers on the topic; it can also include a conference, event, symposium, scientific meeting, academic, or workshop.
On behalf of the International Conference on Architecture and Urban Planning, we cordially invite participants to speak as a keynote speaker on advances in the field of Architecture and Urban Planning research at the conference. The research conference is attended by distinguished scholars, experts and researchers from all over the world.
The organizing committee would be grateful if keynote speakers share their expertise on their specialized topic with conference participants. As a keynote speaker, your knowledge would be an excellent addition to our program.
Thank you for considering our request and please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.
The conference is organized by Global Event Services which is a full service worldwide organizer of scientific events, conferences, symposiums, workshops, meetings, exhibitions and convention-planning.
Global Event Services has 15 years of experience in events industry. By focusing on creating a solid academic research environment, Global Conference Services helps to bring together scholars, experts, researchers and those who seek out new ideas and strive for new achievements from all over the world.
The official language of the conference is English. Translation and interpreting services will not be available. The dress code is business casual to business attire. Meeting room temperatures may vary, so wear layered clothing to ensure your personal comfort. Please arrive at the conference room at least 30 minutes before your session begins. There may be changes to the conference program, for which participants will be notified in a timely manner.
Electrical outlets will not be available for use due to safety reasons. As a courtesy to speakers and other participants, mobile phones must be turned to silent before entering the sessions. Access to the conference room is available only to registered participants.
By registering for the conference, you grant permission to conference management to photograph, film or record and use your name, likeness, image, voice and comments and to publish, reproduce, exhibit, distribute, broadcast, edit and/or digitize the resulting images and materials in publications, advertising materials, or in any other form worldwide without compensation. Taking of photographs and/or videotaping during any session is prohibited.
Types of Presentation (Oral presentation, Poster presentation, Online presentation)
Oral presenters will be given 10 minutes to present their work and additional 5 minutes for questions and answers. Poster or Online presentations will be given 5 minutes to present their work (minimum five slides) and additional 3 minutes for questions and answers. Moderators will be strict about timing. Your presentation must be in PDF format. All presentations must be in standard ratio to match the size of the projection screen.
The conference room is equipped with overhead multimedia projector, large screen, laptop running Linux/Windows (with acrobat reader installed), wireless remote for slides control with laser pointer. Once the presentation is launched, you will control/advance the slides. There will be no internet access on the presentation computer. Presentations must be submitted in advance using the online submission form. Please bring a copy of your presentation to the conference on a USB memory stick as a backup. All presenters are encouraged to check and review their presentations in advance.
Scientific Review Committee
All the full-text papers, regardless of the presentation type, will be peer-reviewed by the International Journal of Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences committee members. Each paper is peer-reviewed by two anonymous, independent reviewers. First proofs will be emailed to the corresponding author after acceptance. Authors should check their first proofs and answer any queries that have arisen during copyediting and typesetting within two days. Authors must check proofs carefully, as no further changes can be made once the paper has been published online. The official language is English. Sending a full-text paper for publication is optional.
The final edited full-text papers will be published online at the International Journal of Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences. Final papers are published in finished form 2-3 weeks after receipt of corrected author proofs. Each full-text paper is, paginated independently, fully citable with an assigned digital object identifier (DOI). The journal’s full open access policy allows authors to share their article in digital format.
Papers must be minimum of 4-pages long in double column layout.
Previously Published Papers on "Architectural Theory and Criticism Conference"
A Study on Architectural Characteristics of Traditional Iranian Ordinary Houses in Mashhad, Iran
Rana Daneshvar Salehi,
Traditional ordinary house, architectural characteristic, proportion, heritage.
Abstract: In many Iranian cities including Mashhad, the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province, ordinary samples of domestic architecture on a small scale is not considered as heritage. While the principals of house formation are respected in all traditional Iranian houses; from moderate to great ones. During the past decade, Mashhad has lost its identity, and has become a modern city. Identifying it as the capital of the Islamic Culture in 2017 by ISESCO and consequently looking for new developments and transfiguration caused to demolish a large number of traditional modest habitation. For this reason, the present paper aims to introduce the three undiscovered houses with the historical and monumental values located in the oldest neighborhoods of Mashhad which have been neglected in the cultural heritage field. The preliminary phase of this approach will be a measured survey to identify the significant characteristics of selected dwellings and understand the challenges through focusing on building form, orientation, room function, space proportion and ornamental elements’ details. A comparison between the case studies and the wealthy domestically buildings presents that a house belongs to inhabitants with an average income could introduce the same accurate, regular, harmonic and proportionate design which can be found in the great mansions. It reveals that an ordinary traditional house can be regarded as valuable construction not only for its historical characteristics but also for its aesthetical and architectural features that could avoid further destructions in the future.
Analyzing the Impact of Indian Architecture on the Architecture of Cambodia, Thailand and Indonesia
Architectural influence, Buddhist architecture, Indian architecture, Southeast Asian architecture.
Abstract: To appreciate Indian art and architecture by studying it in India alone will only lead to partial understanding of the whole story and the variety of the statement has been amply proved by subsequent decades of patient research. The results of the work of the Archaeological Survey of India forms only one half of the picture, the other half emerges with the studies of the archaeology and art of the Far East that progressed almost simultaneously under the Archaeological Survey of the Dutch East Indies, the École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO), or French School of Asian Studies, and allied institutions. The conclusions arrived at have only rendered the assertion that India produced her ultimate master pieces only through foreign influences and in foreign lands (the South-Eastern peninsular and archipelagic regions) almost axiomatic. Angkor in Cambodia and Borobudur in Java, undoubtedly the two greatest architectural marvels of Indian genius, for in content and spirit these (and other monuments of varying magnitudes), are purely Indian, would well illustrate the statement mentioned earlier. Stimulated research followed the discoveries and among the many studies and publications of such pioneers like Coedes, Parmentier, Coomaraswamy and many others in Dutch, French and English made growing contributions to the subject. This paper will discuss in detail the impact of India on the architecture of South East Asia by detailed comparison of architectural styles, elements, and construction materials of a few specific architectural master pieces, in both India and South East Asian countries. It will also analyze the reasoning behind the influence of India on South East Asian countries in spite of them being exposed to the equally culturally rich and civilized kingdoms of China. The intention of this paper is to understand that, conquest by war is not always the only reason for architectural influences and impacts.
Investigating Aesthetics According to Gestalt's Theories and Principles of Architectural Design
Architecture design, Gestalt, architectural principle, museum.
Abstract: In this study, aesthetics, which is architecture-dependent, covers the interpretable, debatable, and mathematical features. The purpose of this study is to provide a different perspective on the values of formal aesthetics and to analyze architectural forms to examine the factors that are related to the form of architectural works. In this study, the formal factors of aesthetics have been objectively studied and analyzed.
Theoretical, Numerical and Experimental Assessment of Elastomeric Bearing Stability
Manuel A. Guzman,
Diego H. Giraldo,
Elastomeric bearings, experimental tests, numerical simulations, stability, large-displacement theory.
Abstract: Elastomeric bearings (EB) are used in many applications, such as base isolation of bridges, seismic protection and vibration control of other structures and machinery. Their versatility is due to their particular behavior since they have different stiffness in the vertical and horizontal directions, allowing to sustain vertical loads and at the same time horizontal displacements. Therefore, vertical, horizontal and bending stiffnesses are important parameters to take into account in the design of EB. In order to acquire a proper design methodology of EB all three, theoretical, finite element analysis and experimental, approaches should be taken into account to assess stability due to different loading states, predict their behavior and consequently their effects on the dynamic response of structures, and understand complex behavior and properties of rubber-like materials respectively. In particular, the recent large-displacement theory on the stability of EB formulated by Forcellini and Kelly is validated with both numerical simulations using the finite element method, and experimental results set at the University of Antioquia in Medellin, Colombia. In this regard, this study reproduces the behavior of EB under compression loads and investigates the stability behavior with the three mentioned points of view.
Applying the Integrative Design Process in Architectural Firms: An Analytical Study on Egyptian Firms
Carole A. El Raheb,
Hassan K. Abdel-Salam,
Application, architectural firms, integrative design principles, integrative design process, the project quality.
Abstract: An architect carrying the design process alone is the main reason for the deterioration of the quality of the architectural product as the complexity of the projects makes it a multi-disciplinary work; then, the Integrative Design Process (IDP) must be applied in the architectural firm especially from the early design phases to improve the product’s quality and to eliminate the ignorance of the principles of design causing the occurrence of low-grade buildings. The research explores the Integrative Design (ID) principles that fit in the architectural practice. Constraints facing this application are presented with strategies and solutions to overcome them. A survey questionnaire was conducted to collect data from a number of recognized Egyptian Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) firms that explores their opinions on using the IDP. This survey emphasizes the importance of the IDP in firms and presents the reasons preventing the firms from applying the IDP. The aim here is to investigate the potentials of integrating this approach into architectural firms emphasizing the importance of this application which ensures the realization of the project’s goal and eliminates the reduction in the project’s quality.
Capture Zone of a Well Field in an Aquifer Bounded by Two Parallel Streams
D. A. Barry,
Complex potential, conformal mapping,
groundwater remediation, image well theory, Laplace’s equation,
Abstract: In this paper, the velocity potential and stream
function of capture zone for a well field in an aquifer bounded by two
parallel streams with or without a uniform regional flow of any
directions are presented. The well field includes any number of
extraction or injection wells or a combination of both types with any
pumping rates. To delineate the capture envelope, the potential and
streamlines equations are derived by conformal mapping method.
This method can help us to release constrains of other methods. The
equations can be applied as useful tools to design in-situ groundwater
remediation systems, to evaluate the surface–subsurface water
interaction and to manage the water resources.
Critical Approach to Define the Architectural Structure of a Health Prototype in a Rural Area of Brazil
Architectural typology, Developing countries, Local construction techniques, Primary health care.
Abstract: A primary healthcare facility in developing countries should be a multifunctional space able to respond to different requirements: Flexibility, modularity, aggregation and reversibility. These basic features could be better satisfied if applied to an architectural artifact that complies with the typological, figurative and constructive aspects of the context in which it is located. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to identify a procedure that can define the figurative aspects of the architectural structure of the health prototype for the marginal areas of developing countries through a critical approach. The application context is the rural areas of the Northeast of Bahia in Brazil. The prototype should be located in the rural district of Quingoma, in the municipality of Lauro de Freitas, a particular place where there is still a cultural fusion of black and indigenous populations. Based on the historical analysis of settlement strategies and architectural structures in spaces of public interest or collective use, this paper aims to provide a procedure able to identify the categories and rules underlying typological and figurative aspects, in order to detect significant and generalizable elements, as well as materials and constructive techniques typically adopted in the rural areas of Brazil. The object of this work is therefore not only the recovery of certain constructive approaches but also the development of a procedure that integrates the requirements of the primary healthcare prototype with its surrounding economic, social, cultural, settlement and figurative conditions.
Photocatalytic Active Surface of LWSCC Architectural Concretes
Photocatalytic concretes, titanium dioxide, architectural concretes, LWSCC.
Abstract: Current trends in the building industry are oriented towards the reduction of maintenance costs and the ecological benefits of buildings or building materials. Surface treatment of building materials with photocatalytic active titanium dioxide added into concrete can offer a good solution in this context. Architectural concrete has one disadvantage – dust and fouling keep settling on its surface, diminishing its aesthetic value and increasing maintenance e costs. Concrete surface – silicate material with open porosity – fulfils the conditions of effective photocatalysis, in particular, the self-cleaning properties of surfaces. This modern material is advantageous in particular for direct finishing and architectural concrete applications. If photoactive titanium dioxide is part of the top layers of road concrete on busy roads and the facades of the buildings surrounding these roads, exhaust fumes can be degraded with the aid of sunshine; hence, environmental load will decrease. It is clear that options for removing pollutants like nitrogen oxides (NOx) must be found. Not only do these gases present a health risk, they also cause the degradation of the surfaces of concrete structures. The photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide can in the long term contribute to the enhanced appearance of surface layers and eliminate harmful pollutants dispersed in the air, and facilitate the conversion of pollutants into less toxic forms (e.g., NOx to HNO3). This paper describes verification of the photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide and presents the results of mechanical and physical tests on samples of architectural lightweight self-compacting concretes (LWSCC). The very essence of the use of LWSCC is their rheological ability to seep into otherwise extremely hard accessible or inaccessible construction areas, or sections thereof where concrete compacting will be a problem, or where vibration is completely excluded. They are also able to create a solid monolithic element with a large variety of shapes; the concrete will at the same meet the requirements of both chemical aggression and the influences of the surrounding environment. Due to their viscosity, LWSCCs are able to imprint the formwork elements into their structure and thus create high quality lightweight architectural concretes.
A Study on Application of Elastic Theory for Computing Flexural Stresses in Preflex Beam
Composite girder, elastic theory, preflex beam, prestressing.
Abstract: This paper presents the step-by-step procedure for using Elastic Theory to calculate the internal stresses in composite bridge girders prestressed by the Preflexing Technology, called Prebeam in Japan and Preflex beam worldwide. Elastic Theory approaches preflex beams the same way as it does the conventional composite girders. Since preflex beam undergoes different stages of construction, calculations are made using different sectional and material properties. Stresses are calculated in every stage using the properties of the specific section. Stress accumulation gives the available stress in a section of interest. Concrete presence in the section implies prestress loss due to creep and shrinkage, however; more work is required to be done in this field. In addition to the graphical presentation of this application, this paper further discusses important notes of graphical comparison between the results of an experimental-only research carried out on a preflex beam, with the results of simulation based on the elastic theory approach, for an identical beam using Finite Element Modeling (FEM) by the author.
Elemental Graph Data Model: A Semantic and Topological Representation of Building Elements
Yasmeen A. S. Essawy,
Building information modeling, elemental graph data model, geometric and topological data models, and graph theory.
Abstract: With the rapid increase of complexity in the building industry, professionals in the A/E/C industry were forced to adopt Building Information Modeling (BIM) in order to enhance the communication between the different project stakeholders throughout the project life cycle and create a semantic object-oriented building model that can support geometric-topological analysis of building elements during design and construction. This paper presents a model that extracts topological relationships and geometrical properties of building elements from an existing fully designed BIM, and maps this information into a directed acyclic Elemental Graph Data Model (EGDM). The model incorporates BIM-based search algorithms for automatic deduction of geometrical data and topological relationships for each building element type. Using graph search algorithms, such as Depth First Search (DFS) and topological sortings, all possible construction sequences can be generated and compared against production and construction rules to generate an optimized construction sequence and its associated schedule. The model is implemented in a C# platform.