THE EFFECT ON THE SMOKING AND HEALTH BEHAVIOR OF WELLNESS OF STUDENTS WHO ARE LEARNED IN THE UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES
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Serife Zehra Altunkurek, Kezban Kaya
Healthcare students, lifestyle-related behavior, wellness, smoking
Objective: To evaluate healthcare students’ wellness and to determine the relationship between wellness and other lifestyle-related behaviors including diet, exercise, sleep, stress, and tobacco and alcohol consumption. Material and Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study surveyed 984 students at the University of Health Sciences in Ankara, Turkey. Data were collected using a questionnaire that included questions on sociodemographic characteristics and a Turkish version of an established health and wellness measure. Results: The data revealed that 17.8% of the students smoke. There was no statistically significant difference between the participants' wellness scores and their smoking status. However, the student’s wellness was significantly associated with physical activity (p < 0.001), which, overall, was deemed as insufficient in this population. Statistically significant associations were also identified between participants’ wellness and their ability to cope with stress and regular sleep (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Healthcare students do not engage in sufficient physical activity and that this affects their overall wellness. Therefore, academic institutions should provide more opportunities for students to exert themselves physically through a diversity of inclusive activities. Such efforts, in addition to promoting healthy sleep and stress-coping practices, will greatly benefit students’ short- and long-term health and wellness.