THE OVER-REPRESENTATION OF INDIGENOUS FEMALE OFFENDERS IN THE CANADIAN CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM
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law, indigenous, offender, risk factors, social disorganization
This paper aims to explain the over-representation of Indigenous women in the Canadian correctional system (CCS). This paper will address the social position and living conditions of many Indigenous people in Canada. It will show that there are many factors that contribute to the higher rates of incarceration for Indigenous women in Canada. First, information will be provided on the current status of Indigenous people in general. This will then follow with the current status of Indigenous women and the adverse effects of colonization and the residential school system. The paper will then show that the over-representation is linked to risk factors and caused by the pressures that this population faces due to their Indigenous status and gender. According to this research, a gendered version (feminist) of Social Disorganization Theory is the most effective way to explain this over-representation. A conclusion will follow with a discussion of the recommendations that may help reduce the over-representation of Indigenous female offenders in Canada.