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Pooneh Pilram, Karim Savari
Social Support, Life Satisfaction, Hope, Optimism, Resilience
This study aimed to investigate the causal relationship between social support and life satisfaction through hope, resilience and optimism. The statistical population consisted of 3,000 derelict women under the guardianship of the City of Bavardelan, of which 200 were selected randomly. To study the variables of the research, the scales were used, including; perceived social support Zimit (1988), ‘life satisfaction scale’ (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985), ‘hope scale’ Snyder (1991), ‘life orientation questionnaire’ (Scheier & Carver, 1985) and ‘resilience questionnaire’ (Conner & Davidson, 2003). The methodology was correlation method. The statistical method used was Pearson correlation and path analysis (structural equations) using the SPSS and Amos statistical software. The results showed that social support is positively associated with life satisfaction, hope, optimism and there is a casual relationship between hope, optimism, resilience and the life satisfaction positively. Also, findings resulting from intermediary relationships have shown that there is an indirect positive relationship between the social support and the life satisfaction, in terms of hope, optimism, and resilience.