HYPERBILIRUBINEMA AND SUCCESSFUL BREASTFEEDING IN NEWBORNS
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Serpil Özdemir, Burcu Yılmaz
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, kernicterus, breastfeeding, newborn
Hyperbilirubinemia is an important health problem frequently seen in newborns. In our country, it is estimated that 60-70% of term babies have hyperbilirubinemia. American Pediatrics Academy (APA) and Turkish Neonatology Association (TND), as well as phototherapy, blood exchange and pharmacological agents for the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia; emphasizes the necessity of breastfeeding. Health problems such as hyperbilirubinemia, respiratory tract infections, diarrhea and asthma that may develop in the newborn with breastfeeding and / or severity decrease. In this review, a literature review about the subject and published articles and printed books have been used. From the first moment after the birth; There is a need for planned and systematic breastfeeding training in order to realize the first skin contact between mother and baby, start breastfeeding and maintain breastfeeding appropriately and effectively. Breastfeeding education provides the mother with sufficient information, trust that the milk can be enough for her baby and the health service required to sustain the breastfeeding. In the literature, it is reported that regular follow-up, risk groups and requirements to protect the newborn from the threat of hyperbilirubinemia and the health of nursing care that includes breastfeeding education will be effective.